It also displays good regrowth persistence in a multi-cut haying or grazing scenario. This grass is high in protein, digestible and free of prussic acid. Nitrate poisoning can occur commonly in cattle raised in North Dakota and other areas of the western Great Plains. Using oats to start cattle on proso may be of benefit. Major advantages of pearl millet as a summer annual forage: 1. Browntop typically grows only to 2 - 5 ft tall and produces only 60 - 70% of the dry matter of pearl millet or sorghum x sudan hybrids. Foxtail Millet. CattleToday's Q & A Boards are a Cattle Forum for swapping information and asking and answering questions about breed, health problems, beginners questions and jokes about cattle … Windrow when heads begin emerging from the boots. A hay conditioner is needed, and extra drying days are required compared to making hay with bermudagrass. Direct Grazing. Animal performance during … 1. Pearl millet and sorghum-sudan hybrids are excellent creep pasture for nursing calves and may be harvested as hay, green chop, or silage. Management: Tifleaf 3 can be planted when soil temperates are above 70 degrees. Overview 1.1 What this notice is about. Allow livestock to graze it down to 10-15 cm then remove. Cows and calves were fed either pearl millet or sorghum-sudangrass baleage, or Tifton 85 bermudagrass hay during a 50-day feeding trial. Lawrence has excellent regrowth potential due to its tillering responses to defoliation. Millet may be a laxative when starting cattle on feed. The Pearl Millet is perfect used for hay, pasture and silage for feeding cattle, horses, goats and other livestock. Since millet hay is unfamiliar to many buyers, getting the hay tested and having information on feed value and forage quality will be essential to getting full value from selling millet hay. The bristles may also affect palatability. 100 90 80 70 60 50 Spring-Sell at Weaning Tons of 15% MC Forage Tons of 15% MC Forage Tons of J … per acre and for best emergence when soil temperatures are 55-60 degrees. This Agfact will help in making good decisions on crop choice, growing the crop, efficient and safe grazing management, avoiding common pitfalls and making money from forage sorghum and millet. Per acre seeding rates of 10 lbs. For example, if 700-lb. Siberian Millet is the fastest maturing hay millet and will reach maturity about a week earlier than German or White Wonder Millet. Further and more detailed information can be found on the Millet and sorghum fact sheet produced as part of the 3030 Project. Expect to cut hay 50-55 days after planting. Leafy 22 is a shorter, leafier hybrid than most others hybrids. The fast growing versatile forage provides forage for grazing, hay and silage. Millet can be the sole grain source if maximum gains of 2 pounds a day are desired. Sheep and cattle are more susceptible to poisoning than nonruminant species because microbes in their digestive tract favor the conversion of nitrate to nitrite. CattleToday.com! Poisoning is usually associated with animals ingesting forage or feed witha high nitrate content. But livestock losses do not need to occur if the hay is properly managed and fed. No prussic acid production. Pasture management research and observation recommends to start grazing millet before boot stage, when it reaches between 18 and 24 inches high, leaving about 10 to 12 inches of residue. Limit millet to approximately 50 percent of the ration if gains of 2.7 to 3 pounds are desired. Typical hay yields range from 1.5 to 2.5 tons/acre, but it is also earlier maturing and dries quickly. The stem is fine and will reach a plant height of approximately 30” given adequate moisture. Millet is a highly productive summer leafy forage crop that grows when you need it in summer. It is extremely quick growing and can be ready to cut for hay within 50 days of planting. Browntop millet can be planted from mid-April until mid-August in most locations, though later plantings will … This pearl millet should be rotationally grazed with grazing stopped when plants reach 8-10 inches. Forage harvests generally followed a four-week regrowth interval during the growing season. 2. Eventually, most cattle producers who feed hay will have hay with high nitrates, especially when using millet, sorghum, oat or other cereal-based hays. In 2015, high levels of nitrates were reported in many cereal grains such as oats, rye, wheat and barley, among others, as well as some forages such as bromegrass, fescue, sorghum and sudangrass. Seed cost is also usually less for foxtail millet. Ample clean drinking water, salt and sulphur blocks should be supplied for cattle when grazing sorghum. of DM, 8 lbs. Browse Latest Millet Hay, Millet silage, Organic Millet Hay, Wheaten straw listings & more or Post a listing for Th e bulk of hay for beef cattle is stored in large round bales outside with minimum protection from weathering losses. Pennleaf brand pearl millet is a hybrid warm season forage grass used for grazing live stock and horses. Cattle grazing standing pearl millet in the dry season made an average liveweight gain of 269 kg/ha over 16 weeks during a period when animals grazing natural pasture lost weight Buy and sell Millet Hay on Farm Tender. It grows up to 5’ tall and has a slightly coarser stem than other hay millets. If managed properly you will get high leaf yield per acre. Caring for Your Pastures Japanese Millet is a warm-season annual grass commonly grown for forage. At Katherine NT wet season grazing by beef cattle at a stocking rate of 2.5 beasts/ha produced a liveweight gain of 102 kg per head in 20-24 weeks. Just as teff has found some high-end markets for horse hay, it may be possible to custom market selected millet species for particular forage markets. Detail. It can be grazed within 6 weeks of emergence depending on rainfall; it is palatable to sheep and cattle and is completely free of prussic acid, which occurs in forage sorghums. Leafy 22 Hybrid Pearl Millet - Leafy 22 is a improved hybrid Pearl Millet variety used mainly for cattle forage and hay production during the warm season. Millet can be used for grazing, hay, silage or green-chop. Millet is also available in our Top Crop blends. In advanced maturity, the heads of Golden German millet develop sharp bristles that may cause lump jaw and sore eyes in cattle feeding from bunks or bales. The Pearl Millet is a very tall grass that can reach to be 15 feet tall that is used as a multiple cut forage grass and green manure. High drought tolerance. Summary. Moldy Hay “We think the primary way cattle become infected is by breathing into the respiratory system the mold spores that are in the feed,” Hanzlicek says. Overly mature Golden German millet is diuretic in nature, while immature Golden German Millet has a laxative effect, and as such is not recommended as the sole roughage for feeding horses. Varying guidelines exist on the level of nitrate that can be fed safely. Anyone fed this to their own cattle? Excellent regrowth potential when good moisture and nitrogen levels are available. of which will be required for maintenance, the diet's NE value would be: NE = [NE m + (10/8)(NE g)]/[1 + (10/8)] In deciding on the energy system to use, there is no question on NE's theoretical superiority over TDN in … Millet and Rhodes grass hay $150 plus gst for a pack of 21 small square bales Favourable feedback from clients with horses and cattle. Pearl millet - flowering stage. This is an improved hybrid pearl millet with excellent leaf to stem ratio. The fermentation that occurs during silage production decreases the level of nitrates within the forage but it is still a good idea to do a test prior to feeding it out. Pasture management research and observation recommends to start grazing millet before boot stage, when it reaches between 18 and 24 inches high, leaving about 10 to 12 inches of residue. Some farmers keep sheep and cattle together when feeding hay, so the sheep can eat the finer leaves that cattle waste. How did they like it? Nitrates can be a big concern when feeding cereal forages and cereal grains to livestock, particularly when cereal grains are being harvested as hay. Nitrate toxicity is a function of the amount and rate of nitrate consumption. - posted in Alfalfa/Hay: I was looking through the seed catalog the other night and German Foxtail millet caught my eye. If producers are feeding moldy hay, they can try to dilute the mold in the hay by mixing it with non-moldy hay in a mixer wagon. Testing hay is important to understand mold levels. Leafier millets have higher protein content making better quality hay and grazing. Figure 1. Pearl millet has good nutritive values (60 – 65 % digestible and 14 – 18% crude protein) if grazed when 12 – 24 inches tall. Millet can be used for grazing, hay, silage or green-chop. 3. Foxtail millet hay yield potential is less than sorghum-sudangrass or pearl millet. Cool-season fescue is the grass of choice for Missouri beef producers putting up hay for winter feeding beef cattle. Silage Production Hay production does not reduce the level of nitrate within the plant and as such nitrate poisoning can still be seen when feeding hay including canola, millet or sorghum hay. Siberian Millet is a warm-season annual grass and a foxtail type millet. But two years of drought have now put fescue hay in short supply, driving producers to find winter forage from alternate feedstuffs like baled pearl millet, sudangrass, and drought-stricken corn. Based on research trials, the following guidelines have been developed for laboratories that analyze for nitrate-nitrogen (NO3-N): Reported on 100 percent dry matter basis: NO3-N, ppm Comment <350 Generally safe for all conditions and livestock 350-1130. This notice cancels and replaces Notice 701/15 (March 2002). As a result, it is occasionally used for grazing or hay production. When properly cured pearl millet produces excellent hay. Leafy 22 has excellent seeding vigor and late maturity. Preform well on it? One big advantage of Pearl Millet is that it does not produce hydrocyanic acids (like sorghums do), so the poisonous prussic acid does not occur in pearl millet, making it safe for livestock and horses to graze. Dry ... millet, and big bluestem are warm-season species. What are considered safe nitrate levels in hay to be fed to beef cows? The great value of millet lies in its fast grownig habit providing quick feed during the hot dry months of January to March. Im considering planting 10-15 acres this year to see what happens. Have some packs from bottom of stack with slight moisture damage to 7 of the 21 bales reduced to $100 ex gst per pack bottom seven bales probably not suitable for horses cattle are expected to eat 18 lbs. Golden german foxtail millet is used primarily for hay production. in 36-inch rows, 15 lbs. High forage quality. Plant 20-30 lbs. More information is available on the Millet and sorghum fact sheet. It is a shorter variety that is commonly planted as a single-cut hay millet. Making hay is usually difficult because of the large stems. Prussic acid toxicity is not present in pearl millet, and it makes high quality forage for beef cattle, dairy cows and sheep. 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