Exposure to a language is the most accurate predictor of the intelligibility of that language. Quoting Wikipedia: Dutch has a relatively close genetic relationship to the descendants of Old and Middle English (such as English and Scots), though less than the Frisian languages (such as West Frisian) have to English. Like German, Dutch has got a lot of guttural sounds, especially ‘ch’ and ‘g’. German words for understand include verstehen, begreifen, erkennen, erfassen, fassen, kapieren, auffassen, sich denken and voraussetzen. The German syntax and pronunciation are different to the Dutch. (That is good news! Where there are languages that other Germanic or Romance language speakers might call "separate languages", we would call "dialects". Although speakers of English usually call the language of the Netherlands ‘Dutch’ and that of Belgium ‘Flemish,’ they are actually the same language. If you think otherwise, please compare English with French, German, or Chinese —. The two sound quite similar, a lot like the ‘ch’ in ‘bach’. over on Linguistics.SE makes this exact claim. As an aside, contact languages such as Scots have a very high level of mutual intelligibility with English. Are there any languages that can be, at least partially (the overall meaning of the phrase spoken), understood by a person whose native language is English, provided that the person in question never learned any of these languages beforehand? The level of mutual intelligibility is not as high as amongst Romance or Slavic languages, though. The choice is even more striking with Portuguese; long ago I opted for Brazilian and to this day I still can't properly understand speakers from Portugal. I'd also pronounce the as de and add in an extra syllable to the word film, and even random other things like conversationally (pejoratively, as if there's any other way) to say “whore” as “hoor” (same pronunciation as in Dutch h… These recommendations are based on research into the mutual intelligibility of Germanic languages, conducted by Femke Swarte. It would be very easy for you to learn Dutch since you speak German. Since they belong to a sort of dialect continuum spanning a certain geographical area with a diverse and storied history, there are some scenarios in which the two languages can be mutually understood between speakers. Both Dutch and English belong to the West Germanic languages and both lack most or all of the High German consonant shift that characterizes the descendants of Middle High German (such as German and Yiddish). As near as I can tell, English is different than a lot of European languages in that scholars are much more inclusive. If you can speak Afrikaans, you can almost certainly completely understand Dutch, but it doesn't work so well the other way around. Some people claim (without support by scholars) that America and England speak different languages. Intelligibility between Dutch and Afrikaans. Absolute insanity. @T.E.D. Femke Swarte carried out her research at the Center for Language and Cognition Groningen, which is part of the Faculty of Arts. In her own lessons, Swarte regularly sets pupils assignments that involve listening to YouTube clips in which cognates, for example, play an important role. Swarte would advise future researchers to focus on finding fast, easy ways for people to improve their receptive skills, and work out how to fit this into the school curriculum. Her co-supervisor was Dr Charlotte Gooskens. I heard that for the Dutch it's easier to understand German but I'm not Dutch. level 2 English is the most widely understood language of all the Germanic languages studied, but the British have the most trouble understanding other languages. The Dutch and German languages are closer related than Dutch and English (with Frisian as a stepping stone) but they still have major differences. Danish and Swedish are the most mutually comprehensible, but German and Dutch are also mutually intelligible. Languages understandable to English-speakers without learning, linguistics.stackexchange.com/questions/2462/…. For what people want to call a separate "language", it appears to matter. These recommendations are based on research into the mutual intelligibility of Germanic languages, conducted by Femke Swarte. It can be understood generally by speakers of the English kind of English but, has a lot of differences in words, names, pronunciations and cultural references that in order to be understood, requires the listener to spend time learning about them. ), u bent goed in wat u doet,                                                          (you are good in what you do). At recent meeting I attended, all Swedes, Danes, and Norwegians spoke their mother tongue and were understood. In this video I compare two closely related languages: German and Dutch, including vocabulary, pronunciation, and grammar. Old Dutch branched off more or less around the same time that Old English (Anglo-Saxon), Old High German, Old Frisian, and Old Saxon did. It only takes a minute to sign up. Or your parents just want to show that if they really wanted to, they could make you twins too. Maybe it’s some sort of parental right of passage to do so. Pennsylvania Dutch descends from Swiss German - but their word for it is 'Deitsch' or 'Deutsch'. Mutual intelligibility tends to be asymmetrical, as it is easier for Dutch speakers to understand Afrikaans than for Afrikaans speakers to understand Dutch. It comes nothing whatsoever “close” to being so. Not merely “not exactly separate languages”, they are not in any way, shape, or fashion separate languages. Probably a better fit for Linguistics.SE. A german speaker can understand written Dutch very well. linguistics.stackexchange.com/questions/810/…, linguistics.stackexchange.com/questions/1915/…, Opt-in alpha test for a new Stacks editor, Visual design changes to the review queues. Here's a sample of Doric Scots: How to speak Scots Doric [youtube]. I heard that Swedish people can understand Norwegian and Danish without specifically learning them. then I'll bet you can understand some Nederlands! Not only that, but some dialects that aren't particularly mutually-intelligable are considered English. Find more German words at wordhippo.com! A large part of the scots Wikipedia pages were phony: @jlliagre Oh yeah I saw about that on Reddit's r/linguistics. For example: Spreek u Engels? How confusing was British currency compared to decimal currency circa 1850? Dutch school pupils learn foreign Germanic languages much more easily when teaching is based on understanding a language rather than speaking and writing it. David Ives, via the play "Universal Language," (an artificial koiné for theatrical entertainment) might argue with me on this one, but with English being the bastard child of a language that it is, most native English speakers who have no experience with any foreign languages are not able to pick up more than a vague meaning when hearing unfamiliar languages, even those within the same "language family.". Lots of dialect pairs have lots of so-called differences. It looks like some sort of dyslexic's German (no offence :D). There's a joke about this in the movie Airplane!, where it is referred to as "Jive". However, spoken Dutch is very different, its like hearing a German dialect like Swiss German or Austrian German. The question is: how is it with English language? These are not separate languages, despite your constant campaigning to make people agree with you about this. @livresque: "It is interesting to note that native Portuguese speakers often have trouble understanding conversational Spanish, but native Spanish speakers can work with conversational Portguese." Sea turtles are key species in ocean ecosystems. I can speak Afrikaans fluently and can understand Dutch quite well. So the world assumes you’re part of a t… Swiss here speaking swiss german, German, English, Danish and Norwegian fluently. The small lexical distance between Germanic languages means that they share a large number of cognates or words with similar roots. If a Dutch person were to read a simple German text, and vice versa, a German were to read a simple Dutch text, they can sort of figure things out, but also get it quite wrong, as there are quite a few "faux amis" - sound alikes … Chances are if you had a sibling, your parents dressed you in identical outfits at some point too. What makes Gaussian distributions special? Frisian and Norwegian are both fairly close to English. Well, unless the German speaks English of course :-P Sometimes a cognate can sound unfamiliar; other times, a non-cognate can be inferred from context. The Old English cousin to Dutch, thiod or theod, simply meant “people or nation.” (This also helps explain why Germany is called Deutschland in German.) While the grammar is different from English, there is a significant amount of vocabulary overlap and pronunciation similarity. It comes nothing whatsoever “ close ” to being so the Center for language and Cognition Groningen which! 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