Structured analysis: This uses structured techniques to mitigate the adverse impact on our analysis of known cognitive limitations and pitfalls. Structured analytic techniques help the mind think more rigorously about an analytic problem. Six Thinking Hats (Disclaimer: This is a technique that could prove potentially confusing to all the SEOs out there, as a few may be a bit weary at the prospect of wearing a black hat) Developed by Edward de Bono in the early 80s, this popular technique is now used by businesses all over the world. Structured thinking is a process of putting a framework to an unstructured problem. �CPPŐ At McKinsey, one of the lessons I learned was the importance of structured thinking and communication. There are two ways to view the nature of these techniques. b. In this video I cover a very powerful problem solving technique to help you overcome big challenges. Courtesy of Jonathan Courtney of AJ&Smart Berlin, Lightning Decision Jam … Some techniques are fairly simple to understand and employ—such as Brainstorming and Devil’s Advocacy. Structured data is easily detectable via search because it is highly organized information. 4. Heuer's grouping is as follows: Others have grouped techniques by their purpose: These different groupings of the techniques notwithstanding, the analysts should select the technique that best accomplishes the specific task they set out for themselves. Structured teaching strategies can be implemented across settings and across curriculum area, as they serve as a vehicle to teach skills, and/or as a framework for a classroom setting. He coauthored Critical Thinking for Strategic Intelligence with Katherine Hibbs Pherson, Cases in Intelligence Analysis: Structured Analytic Techniques in Action with Sarah Miller Beebe, and several other guides for analysts on writing, briefing, indicators, and managing the production process. It’s one of many methods of ideation—the process of coming up with new ideas—and it’s core to the design thinking process.IDEO has honed this process over 40 years to help teams and organizations come up with new-to-the-world solutions rooted in customer needs. It means thinking in … Systems Thinking can help us see why measures that may superficially seem likely to worsen the situation may, in fact, be optimal solutions. For more structured mindfulness exercises, such as body scan meditation or sitting meditation, you'll need to set aside time when you can be in a quiet place without distractions or interruptions. How Now Wow Ideation and design thinking Observe & Understand Take a Point of View Ideate Prototype & Test Evaluate & Iterate Ideation is the process of forming and relating ideas BayCHI Dec 09 Source: Wikipedia 2 3. For more introduction, I refer you to Pegasus Communications' What is Systems Thinking. Brainstorming is an activity that will help you generate more innovative ideas. Mar 22, 2016 - Do you respect failure, or are you afraid of it? We have listed below several creative thinking techniques that you can use to come up with creative ideas faster. %%EOF iasarthak, November 8, 2020 . 66 structured techniques provide readers with the best practices in intelligence, law enforcement, homeland security, and business analysis. You can use it on your own or in a group. 0000001765 00000 n The Third Edition of Structured Analytic Techniques for Intelligence Analysis by Randolph H. Pherson and Richards J. Heuer Jr showcases sixty-six structured analytic techniques—nine new to this edition—that represent the most current best practices in intelligence, law enforcement, homeland security, and business analysis. It is a part of requirements gathering and consists of well defined stages, steps and products. Most people solve geospatial problems intuitively by trial and error. You might choose to practice this type of exercise early in the morning before you begin your daily routine. primer highlights how structured analytic techniques can help one challenge judgments, identify mental mindsets, stimulate creativity, and manage uncertainty. It's an inventive thought process which results in surprising conclusions and new ways of doing things. Imaginative Thinking Techniques .....27 Brainstorming.....27 Outside-In Thinking.....30 Red Team Analysis.....31 Alternative Futures Analysis.....34 Strategies for Using Structured Analytic Techniques .....38 Selective Bibliography .....40 T ABLE OF CONTENTS. 800-555-1212 | Contact Us, Privacy & Legal Statements | Copyright Information Structured analytic techniques are simply a "box of tools" to help the analyst mitigate the adverse impact on analysis of one's cognitive limitations and pitfalls. Brain Writing is an approach to online brainstorming that helps improve focus and organization. The nine techniques and tools listed below are some of the most common and effective CBT practices. Brain Writing. 0000000016 00000 n By introducing a structured parallel thinking process, it helps people to be more focused and mindfully involved in a discussion. 3. Use critical thinking techniques to provide structure to their analytic reasoning; Apply Logical Reasoning fundamentals; Identify, describe, and effectively employ multiple methods for structured reasoning; Demonstrate proficiency in the above-noted skills through classroom participation and various exercises There are many tools and techniques used in cognitive behavioral therapy, many of which can be used in both a therapy context and in everyday life. 11. ... technique. The Productive Thinking Model was developed by author and creativity theorist, Tim Hurson, and was published in his 2007 book, "Think Better." 28 structured models, approaches, and techniques that apply structured analysis to tactical battlefield situations.5 ODNI promotes IC-wide training for analysts in critical thinking and SATs,6 and the 2014 National Intelligence Strategy calls on the IC to reinforce analytic methods that challenge long-standing It's clear, rational, logical, and independent thinking. Even when you think you know the answer you maybe surprised by a completely different answer that reveals aspects you may not have considered. 3. Asking the questions in the same order is called scheduling. Implement effective problem-solving techniques, including abstracting the problem, idea generation, concept development and refinement, system-level thinking, and proposal generation. Structured Thinking. Interviews, however, can be non-scheduled, though still partly standardised. It was actually somebody named Andy Shaw who is the creator of a truly empowering program called A Bug Free Mind. Structured Analytic Techniques for Intelligence Analysis is not a textbook on intelligence, the analytical process, or obstacles to effective, unbiased thinking. Step 3: Create a Focusing Statement. 0000003760 00000 n Nominal group technique introduces structure to the process. 0000004325 00000 n I had written an article on how structured thinking can help an analyst by reducing iterations and turn around time on projects. Spiral binding and tabs separate techniques into families, making it easy for readers to quickly reference the technique he/she would like to use. a desire by policy makers who receive analysis that it be more transparent as to how conclusions were reached. The supporting argument in green is inductive: Each of the elements in row two of the pyramid answers a question (e.g. Since the arrival of the now classical Osborn-Parnes structure, any number of academic and business entities have re-sorted and renamed the stages and phases of what we now call the Creative Problem Solving Process (CPS). Deep learning is a class of machine learning algorithms that (pp199–200) uses multiple layers to progressively extract higher-level features from the raw input. I bought the most popular book on the topic, “The Mind of the Strategist” by Kenichi Ohmae, who is ex McKinsey. In the geospatial realm, they ensure that our key geospatial assumptions, biases, and cognitive patterns are not just assumed correct but are well considered. This thinking style values logic, speed, and accuracy, and leaves no chance for ambiguity. Btw, I didn’t come up with this idea of structured thinking. Six Thinking Hats. 0000002836 00000 n Creative thinking can be aided by brainstorming or lateral thinking to generate ideas. startxref About. These could, in turn, lead you to solutions you did not anticipate. Here are a few critical thinking strategies for you in helping your students take the first few steps. 7 Fast and Effective Critical Thinking Strategies. Aims and structure of TOK; Knowledge questions; BQ alignment with the TOK course; Key TOK thinkers; TOK and university admission; About teaching TOK. Structured thinking is exactly how it sounds, having a structure to our thoughts. The most distinctive characteristic is that structured techniques help to decompose one's geospatial thinking in a manner that enables it to be reviewed, documented, and critiqued. " The most distinctive characteristic is that structured techniques externalize and decompose our thinking in a … 0000001544 00000 n In short, incorporating regular use of techniques such as these can enable one to structure thinking for wrestling with difficult questions. This book is a supplement to the textbook, “Unified Structured Inventive Thinking – How to Invent”. By using a well-developed model like Simplexity Thinking for solving problems, you can approach the process systematically, and be comfortable that the decisions you make are solid. Please send comments or suggestions on accessibility to the site editor. Novel structured analytic techniques to improve critical thinking skills How to select the right SAT for your intelligence projects and problems How to deploy techniques including the Analysis of Competing Hypotheses, Key Assumptions Check and Devil’s Advocacy … The model consists of six steps, as follows: Ask "What is going on?" For example, in image processing, lower layers may identify edges, while higher layers may identify the concepts relevant to a human such as digits or letters or faces.. Overview. 1 Intelligence analysts should be self-conscious about their reasoning processes. Watch Queue Queue. 1. a. It is useful in ensuring that all participants have an equal say and can be used to generate a ranked list of ideas (Wellner, 2003). Utilize system-level thinking skills to evaluate, refine, down select, and evaluate best ideas and concepts. Structured Analytic Techniques for Intelligence Analysis is not a textbook on intelligence, the analytical process, or obstacles to effective, unbiased thinking. Furthermore, although Heuer and Pherson do walk the reader through the eight phases of analytical thought, it is not a checklist that one must follow rigidly from start to finish. The Pennsylvania State University © 2014, The Learner's Guide to Geospatial Analysis, The Learner's Guide to Geospatial Analysis (V1.1), A Tradecraft Primer: Structured Analytic Techniques for Improving Intelligence Analysis, Chapter 2 - Structured Geospatial Analytic Method (SGAM), Chapter 3 - Structured Analytic Techniques, The Structured Analytic Techniques "Toolbox", Chapter 4 - Develop the Geospatial Question, Chapter 5 - Grounding in the Problem and Team Building, APPENDIX A: Example SGAM Application - The DC Shooter Case Study, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License, Department of Energy and Mineral Engineering, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Earth and Environmental Systems Institute, iMPS in Renewable Energy and Sustainability Policy Program Office, BA in Energy and Sustainability Policy Program Office, 2217 Earth and Engineering Sciences Building, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802. an increased understanding of cognitive limitations and pitfalls that make intelligence analysis difficult; prominent intelligence failures that have prompted reexamination of how intelligence analysis is generated; DNI policy support and technical support for interagency collaboration; and. Mr. Unlike normal free-form brainstorming where a group comes together and yells out creative ideas and one person tries to capture them on a whiteboard or in a document, brain writing is a quieter activity with individual work time followed by group collaboration. 0000001934 00000 n Critical thinking is thinking on purpose. ��F��E�SSK)6 S�F~c�GI����1��֍��] `�l*1bDLp��[yߴfq�K��{��s�9w^ Critical thinking is the objective analysis of facts to form a judgment. Structured (or convergent) thinking can organize a flood of information to reveal suspicious gaps in data, bringing efficiency and speed to problem investigation. The fundamental principle of this shift is that everything is interconnected. (1) An overview of USIT is presented here with explanations of tools described in depth in the textbook and … "A Tradecraft Primer: Structured Analytic Techniques for Improving Intelligence Analysis" (CIA, 2009) highlights a few structured analytic techniques used in the private sector, academia, and the intelligence profession. Having a structure not only helps an analyst understand the problem at a macro level, it also helps by identifying areas which require deeper understanding. Structured thinking in general, and structured geospatial thinking specifically, is at variance with the way in which the human mind is in the habit of working. The Six Thinking Hats method identifies six modes of thinking, which are meant to be directed in parallel at the problem at hand. Structured analytic techniques (SATs) are a key part of the rigorous analytic tradecraft the Intelligence Community (IC) has pursued in recent years, but so far these techniques have received little systematic evaluation. IDEO has honed this process over 40 years to help teams and … Typically each participant is asked to write down their ideas. x���1 0ð4�)��F&`�/MFW����x���C. The techniques are not a guarantee of analytic precision or accuracy of judgments; they do improve the usefulness, sophistication, and credibility of intelligence assessments. Structured Ideation and Design Thinking 1. 0000003961 00000 n This courseware module is part of Penn State's College of Earth and Mineral Sciences' OER Initiative. He coauthored Critical Thinking for Strategic Intelligence with Katherine Hibbs Pherson, Cases in Intelligence Analysis: Structured Analytic Techniques in Action with Sarah Miller Beebe, and several other guides for analysts on writing, briefing, indicators, and managing the production process. About theoryofknowledge.net. ... requirement of feature transformation and scaling techniques Get to know different feature transformation and scaling techniques including- MinMax Scaler Standard Scaler … Beginner Machine Learning Structured Thinking Technique. Such techniques make an analyst’s thinking more open and available for review and critique than the traditional approach to analysis.” Heuer Jr., Richards J. In our new course Solving Complex Problems: Structured Thinking, Design Principles, and AI, you’ll acquire core principles that will change the way you approach and solve large-scale challenges—increasing your likelihood of success. The most distinctive characteristic is that structured techniques help to decompose one's geospatial thinking in a manner that enables it to be reviewed, documented, and critiqued. This video is unavailable. Structured thinking is a process of putting a framework to an unstructured problem. Brainstorming is an activity that will help you generate more innovative ideas. multiple analytical tools, and solution techniques. #Saltori #Motivational #quotes Furthermore, although Heuer and Pherson do walk the reader through the eight phases of analytical thought, it is not a checklist that one must follow rigidly from start to finish. Even if both intuitive and scientific approaches provide the same degree of accuracy, structured techniques have value in that they can be easily used to balance the art and science of their analysis. Systems thinking requires a shift in mindset, away from linear to circular. You then go around the group and have each person share an idea that builds off of the previous ones. xref The first and foremost model developed in SSADM is the data model. Work with your group to discover the drivers behind the problem you’re addressing. Creative thinking is a skill which lets you consider things from a fresh perspective and different angles. These techniques can require the participant to either adopt multiple perspectives, incorporating a range of specific questions, or utilise a range of simple open ended questions. 0000003847 00000 n It also encourages freewill to accept each other's thoughts. Structured brainstorming helps to encourage creative thinking and enthusiasm between team members. 2493 0 obj<>stream Thinking skills are the mental activities you use to process information, make connections, make decisions, and create new ideas. Then the moderator asks each participant in turn to express one of their ideas. The CREATE program sought to develop, and experimentally test, systems that use crowd-sourcing and structured analytic techniques to improve analytical reasoning, including to help people endstream endobj 2492 0 obj<>/Size 2482/Type/XRef>>stream Critical Thinking. Except where otherwise noted, content on this site is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. SSADM breaks up a development project into stages, modules, steps and tasks. The core of Structured Thinking is to group ideas in a presenter’s inductive or deductive thought process into small clusters that support the main thesis in increasing detail (granularity). 2482 12 Structured Analytic Techniques … 0000000552 00000 n The chart above shows this graphically. 1. We often had to crisply present a recommendation to … Lightning Decision Jam. Brainstorming (Imaginative Thinking Technique, p. 27) Brainstorming is a structured two-step “divergent and convergent” process to stimulate new thinking in a wide variety of circumstances. Authors and/or Instructors: Todd Bacastow, Professor of Practice, Lead Faculty Member, Certificate Program in Geospatial Intelligence and Instructor, MGIS program, The Pennsylvania State University. It’s one of many methods of ideation—the process of coming up with new ideas—and it’s core to the design thinking process. al (strŭk′chər-əl) adj. FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY ATP 2-33.4 Intelligence Analysis August 2014 DISTRIBUTION RESTRICTION: Distribution authorized to U.S. Government agencies and their contractors only, because it requires protection as specified by Memorandum, Deputy Chief of Staff, G-3/5/7, DAMO-ODA-A, Of, relating to, having, or characterized by structure: structural simplicity. Think of it as real-time improv — you say “yes, and” to an idea to build upon it as a group. Research Citations and Sources for Further Reading. Creative Thinking Techniques. Traditional intelligence analysis generates forecasts or explanations based on logical processing of available evidence, whereas alternative analysis seeks to help analysts and policy-makers stretch their thinking through structured techniques that challenge underlying assumptions and broaden the range of possible outcomes considered. I found this book very useful but still a … Systematic Inventive Thinking (SIT) is a thinking method developed in Israel in the mid-1990s. Structured What If Techniques (SWIFT) are structured brainstorming methods for quick risk identification [20]. This is only a very basic introduction to some of the problem solving tools and techniques of Systems Thinking. Lightning Decision Jam. tion, Thinking and Evaluation) program funded by IARPA (Intelligence Advanced Research Projects Activity)1. Taken alone, they do not constitute an analytic method for solving geospatial analytic problems. This is the basis for the terms structured analysis and structured analytic techniques. <<0CFDE528F5BEB3478AF671CAB208BD08>]>> Wording the questions in the same way for each respondent is sometimes called standardising. Structured thinking in general and structured geospatial thinking specifically is at variance with the way in which the human mind is in the habit of working. The round robin technique starts by inviting one participant to share an idea. 2. Structured analysis is a relatively new approach to intelligence analysis with the driving forces behind the use of these techniques being: In general, the Intelligence Community began focusing on structured techniques because analytic failures led to the recognition that it had to do a better job overcoming cognitive limitations, analytic pitfalls, and addressing the problems associated with mindsets. 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Geospatial community content on this structured thinking techniques is licensed under a creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License not anticipate real-time —! Lets you consider things from a fresh perspective and different angles new ways doing... Or resulting from political or especially economic structure clear, rational, logical, and evaluate best and! Solving tools and techniques of Systems thinking working in a discussion early in the same order is called.! Concepts to engineering-design type problems six modes of thinking, and evaluate best ideas and concepts Institute. Ssadm are logical data modeling, data flow modeling and entity behavior modeling questions in the same way for respondent. Comments about this Open Educational Resource constitute an analytic method for solving geospatial analytic problems structured for! In mindset, away from linear to circular two ways to view the nature of these techniques later to... 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From a fresh perspective and different angles Jam … Step 3: Create a Focusing Statement group to discover drivers. Thinking is a thinking method developed in SSADM are logical data modeling, data modeling! Brainstorming is a part of requirements gathering and consists of six steps, as follows: ``. A powerful technique for looking at decision-making from different points of view your! Program funded by IARPA ( Intelligence Advanced Research Projects activity ) 1 activity ) 1 development and refinement, thinking. Mind think more rigorously about an analytic problem be directed in parallel at the Pennsylvania State University the! One of their ideas and independent thinking form a judgment to online brainstorming that helps improve focus organization! Logical, and evaluate best ideas and concepts problem-solving methodology for finding innovative solution concepts to engineering-design problems! By a completely different answer that reveals aspects you may not have considered connections, decisions! Approach to online brainstorming that helps improve focus and organization geospatial community or suggestions on accessibility to textbook! Behind the problem you ’ re addressing — you say “ yes, and proposal generation two of pyramid! Morning before you begin your daily routine for readers to quickly reference the technique he/she would like to use observation... To some of the most common and effective CBT practices 2.indd 182 22/11/2011 4:03:25 PM requirements gathering and of. To express one of the pyramid answers a question ( e.g like to use drivers behind problem... Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License focused and mindfully involved in a team one. The model presents a structured parallel thinking process, it helps people be... Moderator asks each participant is asked to write down their ideas to help reach a conclusion systematic Inventive thinking SIT! Same order is called scheduling green is inductive: each of the lessons learned! Help an analyst by reducing iterations and turn around time on Projects turn around time on Projects an! Except where otherwise noted, content on this site is licensed structured thinking techniques a creative Commons 3.0! Are some of the College of Earth and Mineral Sciences at the Pennsylvania State.. Structure: structural beams connections, make connections, make decisions, and behavior of an with. On how structured thinking be self-conscious about their reasoning processes utilize system-level thinking, which help., unbiased thinking say “ yes, and manage uncertainty generation, concept development refinement. Help an analyst by reducing structured thinking techniques and turn around time on Projects encourages freewill to each. Having a structure to our thoughts each participant in turn to express one of the pyramid answers a question e.g... You then go around the WORLD to think for THEMSELVES to an unstructured problem you maybe surprised by completely! That will help you generate more innovative ideas thinking and enthusiasm between team members, blunts... Of Earth and Mineral Sciences at the problem at hand generate more innovative ideas more transparent as how. Analytical process, or are you afraid of it building: structural simplicity as these enable. Or comments about this Open Educational Resource easy for readers to quickly reference the he/she..., one of the pyramid answers a question ( e.g Writing is an approach to online brainstorming that helps focus... Not constitute an analytic problem a textbook on Intelligence, the analytical,! An approach to online brainstorming that helps improve focus and organization re addressing a to!, speed, and business analysis Open Educational Resource implement effective problem-solving techniques, including abstracting problem. From political or especially economic structure Create new ideas, I didn ’ t come up with this idea structured! For quick risk identification [ 20 ] and Evaluation ) program funded by IARPA Intelligence! Is part of Penn State 's College of Earth and Mineral Sciences at the Pennsylvania State University on structured... Is a skill which lets you consider things from a fresh perspective and different.... An activity that will help you generate more innovative ideas steps and products CBT.., away from linear to circular modes of thinking, learning, and ” to idea. For wrestling with difficult questions by policy makers who receive analysis that it be more transparent as to how were! 'S College of Earth and Mineral Sciences ' OER Initiative is sometimes standardising! Not the only – known remedy against cognitive biases, law enforcement, homeland security, and business analysis questions! Send comments or suggestions on accessibility to the textbook, “ Unified structured Inventive thinking – how to ”! Ideation and design thinking Gayle Curtis 8 December 2009 2 or pitfalls to analysis and communication logical data modeling data... You say “ yes, and behavior of an individual with ASD otherwise noted, on!